Advertisement

Trajectories of Language, Culture, and Geography in Postcolonial Bangladesh

  • Sadia AfrinEmail author
  • Lawrence Baines
Reference work entry

Abstract

The Bangla language was instrumental in transforming East Pakistan into Bangladesh. The departure of all foreign authorities, by 1971, gave the country a path to pursue its independence and cultural sovereignty. However, the existing situation of the country promulgates a cultural inequity toward its own heritage. This chapter discusses the traits and trails of colonialism in Bangladesh in order to showcase the acculturation of a postcolonial country into a mishmash of competing aims. Class distinctions, geopolitics, social communities, educational policies, and manipulation of language have played crucial roles in the struggle to forge a new identity while maintaining an emotional attachment to the language and culture of the past.

Keywords

Bangladesh Colonialism Identity 

Notes

Publisher’s note:

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations

References

  1. Akanda, S. A. (2013). Language movement and the making of Bangladesh. Dhaka: The University Press Limited.Google Scholar
  2. Al-Quaderi, G. G., & Al Mahmud, A. (2010). English literature at English-medium schools of Bangladesh: The question of culture. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 18(2), 211–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anwaruddin, S. M. (2013). Neoliberal universities and the education of arts, humanities and social sciences in Bangladesh. Policy Futures in Education, 11(4), 364–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baines, L. A. (2012). A future of fewer words? The Futurist, 46(2), 42–47.Google Scholar
  5. Banglapedia: National encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Retrieved 21 Nov 2016, from http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Sadhu_Bhasa
  6. Banu, R., & Sussex, R. (2001). English in Bangladesh after independence: Dynamics of policy and practice. In B. Moore (Ed.), Who’s centric now? The present state of post-colonial Englishes (pp. 122–147). South Melbourne: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Ceramella, N. (2012). Is English a killer language or an international auxiliary? Its use and function in a globalised world. International Journal of Language, Translation and Intercultural Communication, 1(1), 9–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Euromonitor International. (2010). The benefits of English on individuals and society: Quantitative indicators from Cameron, Nigeria, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Retrieved 20 May 2015, from https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/Euromonitor%20Report%20A4.pdf
  9. Hasan, S. M., & Rahman, A. (2012). The status of Bangla and the English language in post-colonial Bangladesh resistance versus utility. Language in India, 12(1), 14–23.Google Scholar
  10. Hasan, S. M., & Rahman, A. (2014). Standard dialect ideology in Bangladesh: A field study. Language in India, 14(10), 184–197.Google Scholar
  11. Imam, S. R. (2005). English as a global language and the question of nation-building education in Bangladesh. Comparative Education, 41(4), 471–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. IML (Institute of Modern Languages) Research and Information Team. (2013). IML discourse 1: NSU holds discussion on ‘Bangla Bhasha.’” Retrieved 30 May 2016, from www.northsouth.edu/assets/files/English/IML/Archive/A5-standardizing-bangla-for-website.docx
  13. Islam, M. (2011a). A pragmatic language policy in relation to English: Bangladesh contexts. Language in India, 11(12), 47–57.Google Scholar
  14. Islam, M. (2011b). Teachers’ understanding and practice of CLT in Bangladesh. Language in India, 11(11), 372–386.Google Scholar
  15. Khan, M. I. (2013). Social changes in contemporary Bangladesh. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh (Hum.), 58(2), 263–276.Google Scholar
  16. Kumar, R. S. (2016). Bengali: One language, multiple variation. Retrieved 1 Nov 2016, from http://www.indianscripts.com/Articles/Bengali-One-language-Multiple-Variations.html
  17. Lippi-Green, R. (2011). English with an accent: Language, ideology and discrimination in the United States. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Mabanckou, A. (2013). Blue white red (trans: Dundy, A.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  19. New World Encyclopedia. (2016). Bengali language. Retrieved 1 Nov 2016, from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Bengali_language
  20. Norton, B. (2010). Language and identity. In N. H. Hornberger & S. L. McKay (Eds.), Sociolinguistics and language education (pp. 349–369). Toronto: Multilingual Matters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pennycook, A. (1995). English in the world/The world in English. In J. W. Tollefson (Ed.), Power and inequality in language education (pp. 34–58). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Prodhan, M. (2016). The educational system in Bangladesh and scope for improvement. Journal of International Social Issues, 4(1), 11–23.Google Scholar
  23. Rahman, S. (2014). Social inequality for language in Bangladesh: A survey on minority and dialect using people. ENH Community Journal, 1(1).Google Scholar
  24. Ramanathan, V. (2005). The English-vernacular divide: Postcolonial language politics and practice. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Simpson, A. (2007). Language and national identity in Asia. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Spencer-Oatey, H. (2008). Culturally speaking: Culture, communication and politeness theory (2nd ed.). London/New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  27. Sultana, S. (2014a). Heteroglossia and identities of young adults in Bangladesh. Linguistics and Education, 26, 40–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sultana, S. (2014b). Young adults’ linguistic manipulation of English in Bangla in Bangladesh. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 17(1), 74–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tagore, R. (2016). A wife’s letter. Retrieved 1 Nov 2016, from http://www.parabaas.com/translation/database/translations/stories/gStreerPatra1.html
  30. The Express Tribune. (2016). Bangladesh bans ‘Banglish’ to protect local tongue. Retrieved 2 Sept 2016, from http://tribune.com.pk/story/337843/bangladesh-bans-banglish-to-protect-local-tongue/

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Instructional Leadership and Academic CurriculumUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.Jeannine Rainbolt College of EducationUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA

Personalised recommendations