Language and Education Quality in Kyrgyzstan: Demographic and Geographic Analysis of National Scholarship Test Results
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This chapter describes language and education quality in Kyrgyzstan by using the results of the National Scholarship Testing (NST). The NST was introduced in Kyrgyzstan in 2002 to assess high school graduates’ competencies and select the most talented ones to study at higher education institutions. The NST has been conducted for the last 16 years, and it is considered as a huge step forward; the NST as an independent test was able to provide study opportunities to a large number of youth, especially from rural areas. This chapter explores the NST from the perspective of the wide variation in results across geographic and linguistic spaces. The content is presented with examples from the English language test items. The results are analyzed from 2002 to 2017, and descriptive data are presented to identify notable differences in scores, between urban and rural contexts, geographic regions, gender, and according to the languages of instruction and testing. The chapter raises concerns to educators and policy-makers in Kyrgyzstan about disparities of test scores by language and demographics.
KeywordsEducation disparities State-funded scholarships Rural versus urban education Gender Language of instruction Access Equal opportunity education
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