Hebrew in the Daily Life of Israelis
- 109 Downloads
Hebrew is the everyday language of Israel. Its revival as a spoken language, which took place over the past 150 years, is considered by many a miracle. However, the route to the adoption of Hebrew was not straightforward as it fought off opposition from other languages, especially Yiddish, to become the premier language of the Zionist project. Today, despite the presence of a million and a half Arabic speakers and over a million Russian speakers, its main competition comes from English, the current global lingua franca. Notwithstanding, Hebrew can be seen and heard everywhere – from radio and television, through newspapers and magazines, to place names, street signs, and store fronts.
KeywordsHebrew Israel Language revival Immigration Place names
- Ben-Rafael, E. (1994). Language, identity and social division: The case of Israel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- CBS. (2017). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/population/805/im_new2015.pdf.
- Ehrman, J. (2011). The Dreyfus affair: Enduring CI lessons. Studies in Intelligence, 55(1), 21–30.Google Scholar
- Gade, D. W. (2003). Language, identity and the scriptorial landscape in Quebec and Catalonia. Geographical Review, 93(4), 428–448.Google Scholar
- Harris, R. (2013). An officer and a spy. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
- Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (1948). Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel. Available at http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/declaration%20of%20establishment%20of%20state%20of%20israel.aspx. Accessed May 5, 2018.
- Rosenthal, R. (2007). On the future of Hebrew: Five areas of concern. In N. Nevo & E. Olshtain (Eds.), The Hebrew language in the era of globalization, Studies in Jewish Education (Vol. XII, pp. 179–191). Jerusalem: Magnes press.Google Scholar
- Schama, S. (2017). Belonging: The story of the Jews, 1492–1900. London: Bodley Head.Google Scholar
- Schwarzwald (Rodrigue), O. (2007). Trends in modern Hebrew. In N. Nevo & E. Olshtain (Eds.), The Hebrew language in the era of globalization, Studies in Jewish Education (Vol. XII, pp. 59–81). Jerusalem: Magnes Press (In Hebrew).Google Scholar
- Shohamy, E. (1989). Hebrew curriculum in Jewish schools. In E. Olshtain, D. Zisenwein, & E. Shohamy (Eds.), Hebrew as a unifying force in Jewish education in the diaspora (pp. 45–54). Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Publishing (In Hebrew).Google Scholar
- Shohamy, E. (2008). At what cost? Methods of language revival and protection: Examples from Hebrew. In K. A. King, N. Schilling-Estes, J. J. Lou, L. Fogle, & B. Soukup (Eds.), Sustaining linguistic diversity: Endangered and minority languages and language varieties (pp. 205–218). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
- Spolsky, B. (2001). Language in Israel: Policy, practice, and ideology. In J. E. Alatis & A.-H. Tan (Eds.), Language in our time: Bilingual education and official English, ebonics and standard English, immigration and the Unz initiative (pp. 164–174). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
- Yehoshua, A.B.. (2018, April 20), Time to say goodbye to the two-state solution. Here’s the alternative. HaAretz.Google Scholar