Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_905-1



The term integrity means soundness of moral principle and character. It includes but is not limited to probity, impartiality, fairness, honesty, and truthfulness.

Integrity is often associated with the qualifications of public officers and/or the fidelity and honesty in the discharge of official duties. The concept of integrity, together with transparency and accountability, has been identified by the United Nations countries as part of the founding principles of public administration (Armstrong 2005). Article 101 of the UN Charter specifically requires the “highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity” in UN employment, a requirement that has been adopted by many Member States.


The most recent instrument on the importance of integrity in public service is the 2017 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Recommendation on Public Integrity. It defines public integrity as a consistent...

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  1. Allen, R. L. (2002). Integrity: Maintaining a level. Public Procurement Law Review, 2, 111–114. Accessed 5 Nov 2019. https://www.insightsonindia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/integrity-transparency-un.pdf
  2. Armstrong, E. (2005). Integrity, transparency and accountability in public administration: Recent trends, regional and international developments and emerging issues. United Nations.Google Scholar
  3. Diaz, J. M. (2017). A taxonomy of corruption in EU public procurement. European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, 12, 383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Schooner, S. L. (2002). Desiderata: Objectives for a system of government contract law. Public Procurement Law Journal, 2, 103–110.Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TurinTurinItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kristijan Krač

There are no affiliations available