Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Social Justice

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_186-1



Social justice is a central obligation of civil society where the measure of the ethical integrity of a society is how it treats its most vulnerable members. Rawls’ (1971) theory of justice as fairness in the context of political liberalism has been influential in modern western capitalist societies. Rawlsian justice is based on the principle that free and rational people accept the rightness of equality for all members of society as the basis for all other agreements, social cooperation, and forms of government. It presumes that justice will be achieved by a redistribution of societal resources to ensure fairness for all. Feminist scholars have criticized his theory for not giving sufficient regard to emotions in his rational ethic of justice and for not asking the question – fairness for whom? Despite the...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social ScienceUniversity of the Sunshine CoastSippy DownsAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mirja Mikkilä
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Energy SystemsLappeenranta University of TechnologyLappeenrantaFinland