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The Precautionary Principle is an environmental policy principle used in legislation, policy, and risk management. New technologies like climate engineering, genetically modified crops, nanotechnology, or artificial intelligence are often linked to risks, which are difficult to predict. The Precautionary Principle is applied in decision-making about uncertain but plausible threats to human health or the environment, e.g., as a consequence of using new technologies. In situations which lack scientific certainty, it can be challenging to find the right measures to protect human health or the environment from harm. Put simply, the Precautionary Principle states that lack of certainty shall not be a reason to refrain from taking action to tackle a threat. In other words, it says that in a situation of uncertainty, regulatory action might be a good option (even if scientific data are incomplete or controversial). The Precautionary Principle should be...
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