Complex Dynamics of Traffic Management pp 343385  Cite as
Autonomous Driving in the Framework of ThreePhase Traffic Theory
Glossary
 Autonomous Driving

An autonomous driving vehicle is a selfdriving vehicle that can move without a driver. Autonomous driving is realized through the use of an automated system in a vehicle: The automated system has control over the vehicle in traffic flow. For this reason, autonomous driving vehicle is often also called automated driving (or automatic driving) vehicle.
 Autonomous Driving in Framework of ThreePhase Traffic Theory

An autonomous driving in the framework of the threephase traffic theory is the autonomous driving for which there is no fixed time headway to the preceding vehicle. This means the existence of an indifference zone in carfollowing for the autonomous driving vehicle.
 Bottleneck

Traffic breakdown occurs mostly at road bottlenecks. A road bottleneck can be a result of roadworks, on and offramps, a decrease in the number of freeway lanes, road curves and road gradients, traffic signal, etc.
 Main Prediction of ThreePhase Traffic Theory

The main...
Notes
Acknowledgments
I would like to thank Sergey Klenov for the help and useful suggestions. We thank our partners for their support in the project “MECView – Object detection for autonomous driving based on Mobile Edge Computing,” funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy.
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