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Crop Science pp 453-475 | Cite as

Marker-Assisted Breeding in Crops

  • Roberto TuberosaEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Association mapping (AM)

Association mapping, also known as “linkage disequilibrium mapping,” allows to map QTLs by taking advantage of historic linkage disequilibrium to link measurable phenotypes to genotypes of unrelated individuals, hence uncovering genetic associations.

Backcross

Procedure used by plant breeders to introgress an allele at a locus of interest (e.g., disease resistance) from a donor parent to a recurrent parent, usually a successful cultivar. The recurrent parent is crossed several times to the original cross, and selection is performed at each cycle to recover the plants with the desired allele and the largest portion of the genome of the recurrent parent.

Candidate gene

A coding sequence that is supposed to be causally related to the trait under selection. The candidate gene approach is best applied with simple biochemical traits when a clear cause-effect relationship can be established between the gene function and the target trait.

Consensus map

A...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Food SciencesUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain

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