Crop Science pp 309-344 | Cite as

Integrated Pest Management

  • Ramon AlbajesEmail author
  • Filipe Madeira
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Agroecosystem, agrosystem

Agricultural ecosystem. An ecosystem that is managed to optimize the production of a crop plant or part of it.

Biological control

Use or manipulation of natural enemies (predators, parasitoids, or diseases of pests) to suppress pest populations.

Crop resistance to pests

One or more qualities that some crop plant varieties have resulting in less damage by a number of pest individuals in comparison with a variety without those qualities when it is exposed to the same pest numbers.

Damage caused by a pest

Damage is the monetary value lost to the commodity as a result of injury by the pest, for instance, by yield reduction.

Economic injury level of a pest

The pest population density at which the cost to control the pest equals the amount of damage it inflicts.

Economic threshold of a pest

The pest population density at which a control measure has to be taken to prevent population from reaching the economic injury level.

Genetically modified (GM) crop,...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversitat of Lleida, Agrotecnio CenterLleidaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain

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