WTE: Gasification and Pyrolysis in Japan

  • Kunio YoshikawaEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)



Thermal process that involves the reaction of carbonaceous feedstocks with oxygen-containing reagents, usually air, oxygen, steam, or carbon dioxide, generally at temperatures in excess of 800 °C


Municipal solid waste


Polyethylene terephthalate




Thermal process that implies the degradation of the organic materials at temperatures in the range of 400–800 °C and in the absence of oxygen or other reagents


Refuse derived fuel


Molten ash


Shedder residue

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

The major technologies used in Japan for energy recovery from municipal solid waste (MSW) are moving grate waste-to-energy (WTE) plants, some combined with ash vitrification and disposing of ash in monofills. However, shortage of landfill space and the Japanese Containers and Packaging Recycling Law have stimulated active R&D and commercialization of relatively novel thermal treatment processes based on gasification and...


  1. 1.
    Selinger A, Steiner Ch, Shin K (2003) TwinRec gasification and ash melting technology - now also established for municipal waste. Presented at 4th international symposium on waste treatment technologies, Sheffield, 29 June–2 July 2003Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    JFE High Temperature Gasifying & Direct Melting System (2010) Operational result of clean-hill homan municipal solid waste treatment center, JFE technical report, No. 25, pp 70–71, −(in Japanese)Google Scholar
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    Fukushima M, Shioya M, Wakai K, Ibe H (2009) Toward maximizing the recycling rate in a sapporo waste plastics liquefaction plant. J Mater Cycles Waste Manage 11:11–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Plastic Waste Management Institute (in Japanese)
  5. 5.
    The Japan Containers and Packaging Recycling Association

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and SocietyTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohamaJapan

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