WTE: Thermal Plasma Processes

  • Nickolas J. ThemelisEmail author
  • Armelle M. Vardelle
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Arc plasma

a gas that is heated electrically to temperatures up to 20,000 K by means of an arc struck between two electrodes

Arc plasma torch

device used to generate a thermal plasma

Efficiency of energy generation

ratio of net electrical energy generated to chemical heat input, per ton of MSW processed


municipal solid waste, mixed waste that is collected by a given collection system

Non-transferred arc plasma torch

the two electrodes are located within a water-cooled plasma torch

Torch thermal efficiency

ratio of enthalpy input to the plasma-forming gas to electrical energy input to the plasma torch

Transferred arc

the material to be processed serves as an electrode


also called glassification, converting WTE ash to a glassy substance by melting at high temperatures


acronym for waste to energy, i.e., thermal treatment of solid wastes to recover their chemical energy content

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

The thermal plasma technology [1, 2]...


Primary Literature

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth and Environmental EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Laboratoire Sciences des Procédés Céramiques et de Traitements de SurfaceUniversity of LimogesLimogesFrance

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