WTE: Heat Recovery for District Heating

  • Claus Hindsgaul
  • Lasse Tobiasen
  • Bettina Kamuk
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

The concurrent production of usable heat (district heating or steam) as well as electrical power from the same thermal process.

District Heating (DH)

A network of pipes, typically underground, that distributes hot water (or steam) used for space heating of residential homes and industrial spaces. This network allows for centralized production of heat to be distributed to many consumers.

Waste-to-Energy (WtE)

A thermal process where the chemical energy contained in solid wastes is converted to electricity and/or heat.

Definition of the Subject

In Denmark, energy recovery from waste has been used to provide district heating (DH) since 1903, when the Frederiksberg Municipality in Copenhagen realized that landfilling of municipal waste could not continue within the municipality boundaries [1]. The waste-to-energy (WtE) plant of the municipality provided steam, hot water, and some electricity to a nearby hospital, while reducing the waste volume and...


Primary Literature

  1. 1.
    Kleis H, Dalager S (2004) 100 years of waste incineration in Denmark. Babcock and Wilcox, Vølund and Ramboll, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Hulgaard T, Vehlow J (2011) Incineration: process and technology, chapter 8.1. In: Christensen TH (ed) Solid waste technology and management. Blackwell, s.l. John wiley & sons, Ltd Chichester, UKGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Phyllis database and “Accomplishments from IEA Bioenergy Task 23: energy from thermal conversion of MSW and RDF” 2001 and “21′ century advanced concept for waste-fired power plants.” Babcock Wilcox Volund

Books and Reviews

  1. Afval Energi Bedrijf, City of Amsterdam – Waste and Energy Company (2006) Value from waste, waste fired power plant. The new standard for recovery of sustainable energy, metals and building materials from urban wasteGoogle Scholar
  2. Christensen TH (ed) (2011) Solid waste technology and management. Blackwell, s.l. John wiley & sons, Ltd Chichester, UKGoogle Scholar
  3. Danish Board of District Heating (2006) News from DBDH, energy environment. Journal number 4/2006. Theme issue: waste and district heatingGoogle Scholar
  4. Hesseling WFM, Rademakers PLF (2003) TNO environment, energy and process innovation, March 2003 (R2003/127): efficiency increase of waste-to-energy plants, evaluation of experience with boiler corrosion and corrosion reductionGoogle Scholar
  5. IEA Bioenergy (2000) Accomplishments from IEA Bioenergy Task 32: energy from thermal conversion of MSW and RDFGoogle Scholar
  6. Rand T, Haukohl J, Marxen U (2000) Municipal solid waste incineration – a decision maker’s guide. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Renosam and Ramboll (2006) The most efficient waste management system in Europe * Waste-to-energy in DenmarkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claus Hindsgaul
    • 1
  • Lasse Tobiasen
    • 2
  • Bettina Kamuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Ramboll Energy – Waste-to-EnergyKøbenhavn SDenmark
  2. 2.København SDenmark

Section editors and affiliations

  • Athanasios C. Bourtsalas
    • 1
  • Nickolas Themelis
    • 2
  1. 1.Earth Engineering CenterColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Columbia UniversityEarth and Environmental EngineeringNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations