WTE: Non-recycled Combustible Wastes in Cement Production

  • A. C. (Thanos) BourtsalasEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)



Alternative fuels that can be used in the cement production. These include waste materials with high calorific value and relatively low chlorine content


Mechanical and biological treatment where mixed MSW is separated to recyclables, compostables, and RDF


Material recovery facilities


Municipal solid waste


Combustibles separated at MRF or MBT plants; they are used as fuel, either in WTE power plants or alternative fuel in cement kilns


Waste to energy

Definition of Subject

Municipal solid waste (MSW) contains high calorific value materials, such as non-recycled plastics and paper, which may be sorted out at material recovery facilities and used as alternative fuels (AF) in the cement industry. This is associated with multiple economic and environmental benefits. The objective of this chapter is to assess the environmental and economic aspects of the use of AF derived from MSW in the cement industry. The evaluation is discussed by including two case...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth Engineering Center, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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