Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Long Term Ecological Research Network

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_749-3



Variation of life at all levels of biological organization.


A relatively discrete event in time and space that alters populations, communities, and ecosystems, including their attendant processes.


The study of the relationship of organisms or groups of organisms to their environment.

Ecosystem dynamics

The observed changes in the characteristics of an ecosystem over time.


The organisms living in a particular area in combination with the physical elements of the environment in which they live.


Limited in duration or temporary.

Invisible present

Relating to an observation whose importance cannot be evaluated for lack of context.


Refers to differences in the spatial or temporal extent of a set of observations or measurements.


The creation of new knowledge by combining observations from diverse sources.

Transformative research

Scientific investigations whose results lead to radical changes in understanding of...


LTER Network Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) LTER Sites LTER Program International LTER 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Books and Reviews

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Long Term Ecological Research Network OfficeUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mervin Fingas
    • 1
  1. 1.Spill ScienceEdmontonCanada