Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Increasing Salinity Tolerance of Crops

  • Mashael Alqahtani
  • Stuart J. Roy
  • Mark TesterEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_429-3

Glossary

Genetically modified plant

A plant that has been transformed by artificial means with single or multiple genes from another variety or species.

Ionic exclusion

The ability to maintain low concentrations of toxic ions, such as sodium and chloride, in the plant shoot.

Ionic stress

The stress imposed on a plant by the accumulation of salts to toxic concentrations in cells, particularly those of the shoot, leading to premature death.

Osmotic stress

The stress imposed on a plant by the accumulation of high concentrations of salt around the root, which reduces plant growth.

Osmotic tolerance

The ability of a plant to maintain growth under osmotic stress.

Saline soil

Soils affected by excess accumulation of salts. Accumulation of sodium chloride (NaCl) on agricultural land has a severe impact on crop yield.

Salt tolerant plant

A plant with the ability to grow and set seed in saline environments without significant reductions in plant biomass or yield.

Selective breeding

Where two...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mashael Alqahtani
    • 1
    • 3
  • Stuart J. Roy
    • 2
  • Mark Tester
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)ThuwalSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.School of Agriculture, Food and WineThe University of AdelaideGlen OsmondAustralia
  3. 3.The Biology Department, College of SciencePrincess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU)RiyadhSaudi Arabia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo A. Slafer
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of Lleida, Agrotecnio CenterLleidaSpain
  3. 3.ICREA, Catalonian Institution for Research and Advanced StudiesBarcelonaSpain