Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Summarization

  • Jimmy Lin
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_953

Synonyms

Automatic abstracting; Distillation; Report writing; Text/document summarization

Definition

Summarization systems generate condensed outputs that convey important information contained in one or more sources for particular users and tasks. In principle, input sources and system outputs are not limited to text (e.g., key frame extraction for video summarization), but this entry focuses exclusively on generating textual summaries from textual sources.

Historical Background

Summarization has a long history dating back to the 1960s, when researchers first started developing computer systems that processed natural language [6, 12]. Following a number of decades with comparatively few publications, summarization research entered a new phase in the 1990s. A revival of interest was spurred by the growing availability of text in electronic formats and later the World Wide Web. The enormous quantities of information people come into contact with on a daily basis created a need for...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Edie Rasmussen
    • 1
  1. 1.Library, Archival & Inf. StudiesThe Univ. of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada