Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Clustering for Post Hoc Information Retrieval

  • Dietmar Wolfram
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_950

Synonyms

Document clustering

Definition

Clustering is a technique that allows similar objects to be grouped together based on common attributes. It has been used in information retrieval for different retrieval process tasks and objects of interest (e.g., documents, authors, index terms). Attributes used for clustering may include assigned terms within documents and their co-occurrences, the documents themselves if the focus is on index terms, or linkages (e.g., hypertext links of Web documents, citations or co-citations within documents, documents accessed). Clustering in IR facilitates browsing and assessment of retrieved documents for relevance and may reveal unexpected relationships among the clustered objects.

Historical Background

A fundamental challenge of information retrieval (IR) that continues today is how to best match user queries with documents in a queried collection. Many mathematical models have been developed over the years to facilitate the matching process. The...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Edie Rasmussen
    • 1
  1. 1.Library, Archival & Information StudiesThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada