Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Digital Libraries

  • Venkat Srinivasan
  • Seungwon Yang
  • Edward A. Fox
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_874

Synonyms

Electronic libraries

Definition

Digital libraries (DLs) are complex information systems that have facilities for storage, retrieval, delivery, and presentation of digital information. They are complex in nature because of the broad range of activities they may need to perform, and because they may need to serve multiple types of audiences. Thus, the broadest definitions include the people and agents/actors involved, as well as the software, content, structure/organization(s), services, policies, procedures, etc.

Historical Background

One of the earliest detailed works about digital libraries (DLs) was prepared by Licklider [8], who envisioned a network of computers with digitized versions of all of the literature ever published. However, the term “digital library” became widely used only around 1991, in connection with a series of workshops funded by the US National Science Foundation, which later led to significant NSF support of R&D DL projects (http://www.dli2.nsf.gov/),...

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Recommended Reading

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    Candela L, Castelli D, Ioannidis Y, Koutrika G, Pagano P, Ross S, Schek HJ, Schuldt H. Setting the foundations of digital libraries: the DELOS manifesto. D-Lib Mag. 2007;13(3/4)Google Scholar
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    Christel M, Wactlar H, Stevens S. Informedia digital video library. In: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM International Conference on Multimedia; 1994. p. 480–1.Google Scholar
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    Digital Library Curriculum Development Project homepage (2007). http://curric.dlib.vt.edu/
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    Gonçalves MA. Streams, structures, spaces, scenarios, and societies (5S): a formal digital library framework and its applications [PhD thesis]. Virginia Tech: Department of Computer Science; 2004.Google Scholar
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    Gonçalves M, Fox E, Watson L, Kipp N. Streams, structures, spaces, scenarios, societies (5S): a formal model for digital libraries. ACM Trans Inf Syst. 2004;22(2):270–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Licklider JCR. Libraries of the future. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press; 1965.Google Scholar
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    Pomerantz J, Oh S, Wildemuth B, Yang S, Fox EA. Digital library education in computer science programs. In: Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries; 2007.Google Scholar
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    Pomerantz J, Oh S, Yang S, Fox EA, Wildemuth B. The core: digital library education in library and information science programs. D-Lib Mag. 2006;12(11)Google Scholar
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    Pomerantz J, Wildemuth B, Oh S, Fox EA, Yang S. Curriculum development for digital libraries. In: Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries; 2006. p. 175–84.Google Scholar
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    Reddy R, Wladawsky-Berger I. Digital Libraries: Universal Access to Human Knowledge – A Report to the President. President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC), Panel on Digital Libraries; 2001.Google Scholar
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    Sen N. TKDL – a safeguard for Indian traditional knowledge. Curr Sci. 2002;82(9):1070–1.Google Scholar
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    Smith TR, Frew J. Alexandria digital library. Commun ACM. 1995;38(4):61–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Venkat Srinivasan
    • 1
  • Seungwon Yang
    • 1
  • Edward A. Fox
    • 1
  1. 1.Virginia TechBlacksburgUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Amr El Abbadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceUC Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA