Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Views

  • Yannis Kotidis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_850

Synonyms

Virtual tables

Definition

Views are virtual relations without independent existence in a database. The contents of the instance of a view are determined by the result of a query on a set of database tables or other views in the system.

Key Points

Over the years, there have been several definitions and uses for the term view. From one perspective, a view is a query (or a macro) that generates data every time it is invoked. The term view is also used in association with the derived data that is produced by the execution of the view query. Views have also been used as indexes, summary tables, or combinations of both. They provide physical data independence, by decoupling the logical schema from the physical design, which is usually driven by performance reasons. By controlling access to the views, one can control access to different parts of the data and implement different security policies. Views are also used in integration systems in order to provide unified access to...

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Recommended Reading

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    Adiba ME, Lindsay BG. Database snapshots. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Very Data Bases; 1980. p. 86–91.Google Scholar
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    Gupta A, Jagadish HV, Singh Mumick I. Data integration using self-maintainable views. In: Advances in Database Technology, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Extending Database Technology; 1996. p. 140–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Gupta H, Harinarayan V, Rajaraman A, Ullman JD. Index selection for OLAP. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Data Engineering; 1997. p. 208–19.Google Scholar
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    Roussopoulos N. View indexing in relational databases. ACM Trans Database Syst. 1982;7(2):258–90.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Roussopoulos N. An incremental access method for ViewCache: concept, algorithms, and cost analysis. ACM Trans Database Syst. 1991;16(3):535–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of InformaticsAthens University of Economics and BusinessAthensGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Yannis Kotidis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsAthens Universitu of Economics and BusinessAthensGreece