Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Provenance in Workflows

  • David Koop
  • Marta Mattoso
  • Juliana Freire
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_80745

Synonyms

Computational provenance; Lineage; Origin; Source; History

Definition

Data and compute-intensive science require the ability to orchestrate computational steps and integrate distinct tools. Scientific workflow systems have been developed to structure such computations. A scientific workflow is a directed graph where a set of computational steps are linked together. Each computational module/actor/processor contains a set of input and output ports; a link/edge/channel/connection between an output of one module and the input of another indicates a data dependency. Modules may also have settable parameters that influence their computations. Workflow provenance may then include information about the specification of the workflow, the evolution of that specification, and executions of the workflow.

Historical Background

Workflows have been used to model business processes [14]. Business workflows, scripts, coordination languages, and dataflow systems are precursors of today’s...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Massachusetts DartmouthDartmouthUSA
  2. 2.Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.NYU Tandon School of EngineeringBrooklynUSA
  4. 4.NYU Center for Data ScienceNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA