Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Profiles and Context for Structured Text Retrieval

  • Marijn Koolen
  • Toine Bogers
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_80726

Definition

The combination of structured information retrieval with user profile information represents the scenario where systems search with an explicit statement of the information need – a search query – as well as a profile of a user, which can contain information about previous interactions, search history, user demographics, or other relevant information about the user’s preferences. The relation between the profile and the information need is implicit and may contain many irrelevant signals. The task of the system then is to model both the current information need and the background user preferences to derive notions of topical relevance as well as user relevance and to find the right balance between these notions to determine the optimal ranking of search results.

Historical Background

Information retrieval research has traditionally focused on locating documents that are relevant to a user’s search query – an explicit statement of that user’s underlying information need....

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research and DevelopmentHuygens ING, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and SciencesAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Communication and PsychologyAalborg University CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark