A Web Transaction is a transactional interaction between a client, usually a web browser, and one or several databases as backend of a multi-tier architecture. The middle tier of the architecture includes a web server which accepts client requests via HTTP. It forwards these requests either directly to the underlying database or to an application server which, in turn, interacts with the database.
The main application of Web transactions is in eCommerce applications. In a minimal configuration, the architecture for Web transactions consists of a client, a web server and a database server. Database access is provided at the web server level, e.g., by embedding database access into Java servlets or JavaServer Pages (JSP). More sophisticated architectures consider a dedicated application server layer (i.e., an implementation of the Java Enterprise Edition specification Java EE) and support distributed databases. Communication between...
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