Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Distributed Deadlock Management

  • Wee Hyong Tok
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_711

Synonyms

Deadlocks in distributed database systems

Definition

In a database that supports locking protocol, accesses to data are controlled using locks. Whenever a transaction needs to access a shared object, it will be granted a lock (and hence access) to the object if there is no other conflicting locks on the object; otherwise, the requesting transaction has to wait. A deadlock occurs when transactions accessing shared data objects are waiting indefinitely in a circular fashion until a special action (such as aborting one of the transactions) is taken. In a distributed database environment, deadlocks can occur locally at a single site, or across sites where a chain of transactions may be waiting for one another to release the locks over a set of shared objects.

For example, consider two data objects o1 and o2 stored at site 1 and site 2 respectively. Suppose two transactions, T1 and T2, initiated at site 1 and site 2, are updating o1 and o2 concurrently. As T1 is updating o1at...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kian-Lee Tan
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNational Univ. of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore