Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Distributed Architecture

  • Tore Risch
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_702

Synonyms

Federated database; Multi-database; Parallel database; Peer-to-peer database

Definition

A distributed database [3] is a database where data management is distributed over several nodes (computers) in a computer network. In a central DBMS the data is managed by one node whereas in a distributed DBMS the data is managed by several nodes. A distributed DBMS is a database manager consisting of several nodes distributed over a network. Each node is a database manager by itself that communicates with other nodes in the network. In a regular distributed DBMS it is up to the database administrator to manually specify how data collections (e.g., relational tables) are distributed over the nodes when a distributed database is designed. Queries and updates to the distributed relations are transparently translated by the distributed DBMS into data operations on the affected nodes giving the user the impression of using a single database, called query and update transparency. Thus the...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Beng Chin Ooi, Kian-Lee Tan, guest editors. Introduction: special section on peer-to-peer-based data management. IEEE Trans Knowl Data Eng. 2004;16(7):785–6.Google Scholar
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    Litwin W, Mark L, Roussopoulos N. Interoperability of multiple autonomous databases. ACM Comput Surv. 1990;22(3):267–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Özsu MT, Valduriez P. Principles of distributed database systems. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall; 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sheth AP, Larson JA. Federated database systems for managing distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous databases. ACM Comput Surv. 1990;22(3):183–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wiederhold G. Mediators in the architecture of future information systems. IEEE Comput. 1992;25(3):38–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kian-Lee Tan
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNational Univ. of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore