Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Biostatistics and Data Analysis

  • Mehmet M. Dalkiliç
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_639

Definition

Biostatistics is the application of probability and statistical techniques to the biological sciences. Probability has played a significant role in areas like genetics where combinatorics validate conjectures about the relationships of genes and the environment. Recently, combinatorics has become one of the main approaches to solving problems, e.g., motif discovery in bioinformatics. In the nineteenth century, well-known biologists like Herman von Helmholtz advocated that biological phenomenon could be understood using techniques in the physical sciences (remnants of this view still are present today). That approach, together with the “vitalism” movement [3], impeded the use of statistics. By the beginning of this century, however, statistics has become de rigueur in virtually all biological publications.

Historical Background

Although statistics as a mathematical area can be traced further, biostatistics is often associated with the work of Francis Galton (1822–1911). His...

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Recommended Reading

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    Lee PM. Bayesian statistics. 2nd ed. Arnold; 2003.Google Scholar
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    Lindley DV, Scott WF. New Cambridge statistics tables. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press; 1995.Google Scholar
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    Myers CS. Vitalism: a brief historical and critical review. Mind. 1900;9(35):319–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Neapolitan RE. Learning Bayesian networks. Prentice Hall; 2003.Google Scholar
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    Sokal R, Rohlf FJ. Biometry. 3rd ed. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company; 1995.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
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    von Mises R. Probability, statistics, and truth (trans: Neyman J, Scholl D, Rabinowitsch E.). 1939.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Louiqa Raschid
    • 1
  1. 1.Robert H. Smith School of BusinessUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA