Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Visual Interfaces

  • Tiziana Catarci
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_445

Synonyms

Direct manipulation interfaces; Graphical user interfaces; GUIs

Definition

Visual interfaces are user interfaces that make extensive use of graphical objects (icons, diagrams, forms, etc.) that the user may directly manipulate on the screen through several kinds of pointing devices (including her/his fingers) and get an almost instantaneous feedback (near real-time interactivity). Information-intensive interfaces typically exploit one or more visual language, i.e., a language that systematically uses visual signs to convey a meaning in a formal way.

Historical Background

The importance of providing the user with an interactive environment where he/she could directly manipulate the computer content, and get an immediately graspable feedback out of his/her actions, was evident since the first demonstration of the Sketchpad system by Ivan Sutherland [1]. This system was the basis of his 1963 MIT Ph.D. thesis. Sketchpad supported manipulation of visual objects using a light pen,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Sutherland IE. SketchPad: a man-machine graphical communication system. In: Proceedings of the AFIPS Spring Joint Computer Conference; 1963.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kay A. Personal dynamic media. IEEE Comput. 1977;10(3):31–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Smith DC, Harslem E, et al. The star user interface: an overview. In: Proceedings of the 1982 National Computer Conference; 1982, p. 515–28.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Williams G. The Lisa computer system. Byte. 1983;8(2):33–50.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Williams G. The apple Macintosh computer. Byte. 1984;9(2):30–54.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shneiderman B. Direct manipulation: a step beyond programming languages. IEEE Comput. 16(8):57–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bertin J. Graphics and graphic information processing. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter; 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tufte ER. Envisioning information. Cheshire: Graphics Press; 1990.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chang SK. Principles of pictorial information systems design. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall; 1989.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Catarci T, Dong XL, Halevy A, Poggi A. Personal information management, chap. In: Structure everything. Seattle: University of Washington Press; 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, Automatica e Gestionale “A.Ruberti”Sapienza – Università di RomaRomeItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tiziana Catarci
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. di Ingegneria Informatica, Automatica e GestionaleUniversita di RomaRomaItaly