Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Role-Based Access Control

  • Yue Zhang
  • James B. D. Joshi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_320

Synonyms

RBAC; Role based security

Definition

Access control is a security service responsible for defining which subjects can perform what type of operations on which objects. A subject is typically an active entity such as a user or a process, and an object is an entity, such as a file, database table or a field, on which the subject can perform some authorized operations. A permission indicates the mode of operation on a particular object.

Role based access control (RBAC) involves controlling access to computer resources and information by (i) defining users, roles, and permissions, and (ii) assigning users and permissions to roles. A user can create a sessionin which he/she can activate a subset of the roles he/she has been assigned to and use the permissions associated with the activated roles. RBAC approach is based on the understanding that a user’s access needs are defined by the roles that he/she plays within his/her organization. In general, a role is considered as a group...

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Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elena Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.DiSTAUniv. of InsubriaVareseItaly