Privacy helps to establish personal autonomy and create individualism. Privacy is a state or condition of limited access to a person (e.g., client). In particular, information privacy relates to an individual’s right to determine how, when, and to what extent information about the self will be released to another person or to an organization.
With the rising occurrence of information privacy violations, people have begun to take interest in how, when, and where their personal information is being used. People usually interchange the concepts of security with privacy. In fact, they are essentially two different concepts used to protect data. In general, security involves the use of cryptographic tools to protect information in terms of confidentiality, availability, and access control and integrity enforcement. Privacy mainly focuses on the ability of keeping data away from public access, and the way to protect it according to the individual rights.