Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Privacy Policies and Preferences

  • Patrick C. K. Hung
  • Yi Zheng
  • Stephanie Chow
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_273

Definition

Privacy policies describe an enterprise’s data practices, what information is collected from individuals (subjects), what the information (objects) will be used for, whether the enterprise provides access to the information, who the recipients are of any result generated from the information, how long the information will be retained, and who will be informed in the event of a dispute. A subject releases his or her data to the custody of an enterprise while consenting to the set of purposes for which the data may be used. The subject can express his or her preferences in a set of preference rules to make decisions regarding the acceptability of privacy policies.

Historical Background

People have been concerned with privacy policies and preferences for more than 200 years. For example, the Hippocratic oath was written as a guideline of medical ethics for doctors in respect to a patient’s health condition, and states as follows: “Whatsoever things I see or hear concerning the...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Cheng VSY, Hung PCK. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) compliant access control model for web services. Int J Health Inf Syst Inform. 2005;1(1):22–39.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fischer-Hubner S. IT-security and privacy. Lecture notes in computer science. Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer; 2001.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Online Privacy Alliance. Effective enforcement of self regulation. Online: http://www.privacyalliance.org/resources/enforcement.shtml
  4. 4.
    Powers CS, Ashley P, Schunter M. Privacy promises, access control, and privacy management – enforcing privacy throughout an enterprise by extending access control. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Electronic Commerce; 2002. p. 13–21.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick C. K. Hung
    • 1
  • Yi Zheng
    • 1
  • Stephanie Chow
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elena Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.DiSTAUniv. of InsubriaVareseItaly