Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Shared-Disk Architecture

  • Patrick ValduriezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1511


In the shared-disk architecture, only the disks are shared by all processors through the interconnection network. The main memory is not shared: each processor exclusive (non-shared) access to its main memory. Each processor-memory node is under the control of its own copy of the operating system. Since any processor can cache the same disk page, a cache coherency mechanism is necessary.

Key Points

Shared-disk requires a cache coherency mechanism which allows different nodes to cache a consistent disk page. This function is hard to support and requires some form of distributed lock management. The most notable parallel database system which uses shared-disk is Oracle, with an efficient implementation of a distributed lock manager for cache consistency.

Shared-disk has a number of advantages: lower cost, good extensibility, availability, load balancing, and easy migration from centralized systems. The cost of the interconnection network is significantly less than with...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INRIALINANantesFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrick Valduriez
    • 1
  1. 1.INRIALINANantesFrance