Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Redundant Arrays of Independent Disks

  • Kazuhisa Fujimoto
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1333

Synonyms

Array; Disk array; RAID; Storage array

Definition

A set of disks from one or more commonly accessible disk subsystems is combined with a body of control software in which part of the physical storage capacity is used to store redundant information about user data stored on the remainder of the storage capacity. The redundant information enables regeneration of user data in a storage emergency in which a disk in the array or an access path fails.

Key Points

The term RAID was adopted from the 1988 SIGMOD paper “A Case for Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID).” In the paper, RAID refers to a group of storage schemes that divide and replicate data among multiple disks to provide better performance, cost and power consumption rate with reasonable availability comparing with conventional Single Large Expensive Disk (SLED) used for Mainframe. Currently, the term of “independent” is usually used rather than “inexpensive” because SLED becomes obsolete.

A number of standard...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Patterson D, Gibson G, Katz R. A case for redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID). In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data; 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hitachi Ltd.TokyoJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Masaru Kitsuregawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. of Industrial ScienceUniv. of TokyoTokyoJapan