Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Ontology Engineering

  • Avigdor Gal
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1315

Synonyms

Ontological engineering

Definition

Ontology engineering is “the set of activities that concern the ontology development process, the ontology life cycle, and the methodologies, tools and languages for building ontologies” [1]. It provides “a basis of building models of all things in which computer science is interested” [4]. Ontology engineering aims at providing standard components for building knowledge models. Ontologies play a similar role to design rationale in mechanical design. It allows the reuse of knowledge in a knowledge base by providing conceptualization, reflecting assumptions and requirements made in the problem-solving using the knowledge base. Ontology engineering provides the means to build and use ontologies for building models.

Ontology Engineering: Details

Mizoguchi and Ikeda [4] define eight levels (from shallow to deep) of using ontologies. At level 1, ontologies are used as a common vocabulary for communication. At level 2, it is used as a conceptual...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    G’omez-P’erez A, Fern’andez-L’opez M, Corcho O. Ontological engineering. London: Springer; 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gal A, Modica G, Jamil H, Eyal A. Automatic ontology matching using application semantics. AI Mag. 2005;26(1):21–32.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kitamura Y, Kashiwase M, Fuse M, Mizoguchi R. Deployment of an ontological framework of functional design knowledge. Adv Eng Inform. 2004;18(2):115–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mizoguchi R, Ikeda M. Towards ontology engineering. Technical report AI-TR-96-1, I.S.I.R., Osaka University. 1996.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Paslaru Bontas E, Tempich C. Ontology engineering: a reality check. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Ontologies, DataBases, and Applications of Semantics; 2006. p. 836–54.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sure Y, Tempich C, Vrandecic D. Ontology engineering methodologies. In: Semantic Web Technologies: Trends and Research in Ontology-based Systems. Springer; 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Industrial Engineering and ManagementTechnion–Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

Section editors and affiliations

  • Avigdor Gal
    • 1
  1. 1.Fac. of IE & Mgmt.Technion--Israel Inst. of TechnologyHaifaIsrael