Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Social Networks

  • Felix Schwagereit
  • Steffen Staab
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1226

Definition

A social network is a social structure made of actors, which are discrete individual, corporate or collective social units like persons or departments [19] that are tied by one or more specific types of relation or interdependency, such as friendship, membership in the same organization, sending of messages, disease transmission, web links, airline routes, or trade relations. The actors of a social network can have other attributes, but the focus of the social network view is on the properties of the relational systems themselves [19]. For many applications social networks are treated as graphs, with actors as nodes and ties as edges. A group is the finite set of actors the ties and properties of whom are to be observed and analyzed. In order to define a group it is necessary to specify the network boundaries and the sampling. Subgroups consist of any subset of actors and the (possible) ties between them.

The science of social networks utilizes methods from general network...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Web Science and Technologies – WeSTUniversity of Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Karl Aberer
    • 1
  1. 1.Distributed Inf. Sys Lab.Inst. for Core Computing Science (IIF), EPFL-IC-IIF-LSIRLausanneSwitzerland