Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Database Adapter and Connector

  • Changqing Li
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1182

Synonyms

Database connectivity

Definition

A database connector is a software that connects an application to any database. A database adapter is an implementation of a database connector. The connector is more at the conceptual level, while the adapter is at the implementation level, though they refer to the same thing. For simplicity, in the remaining parts of this entry, a database adapter will not be explicitly distinguished from a database connector, i.e., they are used to have the same meaning in the rest sections. Unlike the way to access data with a fixed schema, stored procedures, or queues, one can access table data directly and transparently with a database adapter.

Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) [2] and Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) [4] are two main database adapters to execute Structured Query Language (SQL) statements and retrieve results.

Historical Background

Before the universal database adapters, one has to write code that talks to a particular database using an...

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Recommended Reading

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    Blakeley J. OLE DB: a component dbms architecture. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Data Engineering; 1996.Google Scholar
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    Geiger K. Inside ODBC. Microsoft; 1995.Google Scholar
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    Greenwald R, Stackowiak R, Stern J. Oracle essentials: oracle database 10g. O’Reilly; 2004.Google Scholar
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    Hamilton G, Cattell R, Fisher M. JDBC database access with Java: a tutorial and annotated reference. Reading: Addison Wesley; 1997.Google Scholar
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    Kofler M. The definitive guide to MySQL5. A press; 2005.Google Scholar
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    Myerson J. The complete book of middleware: CRC; 2002.Google Scholar
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    Thai T, Lam H. .NET framework essentials. O’Reilly; 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Duke UniversityDurhamUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • H. - Arno Jacobsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Elec. and Comp.Eng.Univ. of TorontoTorontoCanada