Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Audio Classification

  • Lie Lu
  • Alan Hanjalic
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1032

Synonyms

Audio categorization; Audio indexing; Audio recognition

Definition

Audio classification aims at classifying a piece of audio signal into one of the pre-defined semantic classes. It is typically realized as a combination of a learning step to learn a statistical model of each semantic class, and an inference step to estimate which semantic class is closest to the given piece of audio signal.

Historical Background

Audio classification associates semantic labels with audio signals, and can also be referred to as audio indexing, audio categorization or audio recognition. As such, audio classification plays an important role in facilitating search and retrieval in large-scale audio collections (databases). Semantic labels are used to represent semantic classes or semantic concepts, which can be defined at different abstraction and complexity levels. Typical examples of basic semantic audio classes are speech, music, environmental sounds, and silence, which can be detected rather...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microsoft Research AsiaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Oria
    • 1
  • Shin'ichi Satoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNew Jersey Inst. of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Digital Content and Media Sciences ReseaMultimedia Information Research DivisionNational Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan