Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Legal Transplants

  • Gianmaria AjaniEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_731

Definition

The term “Legal transplants” is commonly used to designate the dissemination of legal models from an exporting legal order to a receiving one.

In a wider perspective, reception, transplants, or borrowings may either refer to the process, or to the results of a project of legal reforms, which is in turn initiated by a plan of legal change based upon an imitation of laws, doctrines and theories, and judicial decisions, already in place in different legal orders.

Within the fabric of such terminology, the notion of legal transplants has been, for the last four decades, most central. This is also due to a successful and widely discussed book by the legal historian Alan Watson (1974), which is devoted to a specific set of borrowings within the realm of private law. While the success of Watson’s study emerged from the plain recognition that borrowing is usually the driving factor in legal change, reasons for dissent, repeatedly manifested, among others, by Pierre Legrand, were...

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Ajani G (2007) Legal change and institutional reforms. In: Ret tog tolerance. Festkrift til Helge Johan Thue. Glydendal Norsk Forlag, Oslo, pp 473–497Google Scholar
  2. Berkowitz D, Pistor K, Richard JF (2003) The transplant effect. Am J Comp Law 51:163–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Glenn P (2000) Legal traditions in the world today. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Graziadei M (1999) Comparative law, legal history, and the holistic approach to legal cultures. Z Eur Privatrecht 7:531–543Google Scholar
  5. Mattei U (1994) Efficiency in legal transplants: an essay in comparative law and economics. Int Rev Law Econ 14:3–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Riles A (ed) (2001) Rethinking the masters of comparative law. Hart Publishing, Oxford/PortlandGoogle Scholar
  7. Trubek D, Santos A (eds) (2006) The new law and economic development. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LawUniversity of TorinoTorinoItaly