“The ability to trace the history, application or location of an entity by means of recorded identifications” in “ISO 8402:1994 Quality management and quality assurance – Vocabulary.”
A general definition of traceability is found in “ISO 8402:1994 Quality management and quality assurance – Vocabulary” as “The ability to trace the history, application or location of an entity by means of recorded identifications.” Traceability is a typical example of a voluntary management practice that predated food safety regulation that ends up entering sanitary public policy. Voluntarily used at the beginning by few operators in high-quality food chains only, traceability has become a mandatory risk management practice for all food operators in Europe. However, legal forms (voluntary vs. mandatory), as well as exigencies of the various traceability systems implemented around the world, remain very different, even for a same product (e.g., see Schroeder and Tonsor 2012for...
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