Forensic science applies natural, physical, and social sciences to resolve legal matters. The term forensics has been attached to many different fields: economics, anthropology, dentistry, pathology, toxicology, entomology, psychology, accounting, engineering, and computer forensics. Forensic evidence is gathered, examined, evaluated, interpreted, and presented to make sense of an event and provide investigatory leads. Various classification schemes exist for forensic evidence, with some forms of evidence falling under more than one scheme. Rules of evidence differ between jurisdictions, even between countries that share similar legal traditions. This makes the sharing of evidence between countries particularly problematic, at times rendering this evidence inadmissible in national courts. Several measures have been proposed and organizations created to strengthen forensic science and promote best practices for practitioners, researchers, and academicians in the field.
- Bartol CR, Bartol AM (1987) History of forensic psychology. In: Weiner LB, Hess AK (eds) Handbook of forensic psychology. Wiley, New York, pp 3–21Google Scholar
- De Forest PD, Gaensslen RE, Lee HC (1983) Forensic science. An introduction to criminalistics. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- DeMatteo D, Marczyk G, Krauss DA, Burl J (2009) Educational and training models in forensic psychology. Train Educ Prof Psychol 3(3):184–191Google Scholar
- Innocence Project (n.d.) The causes of wrongful. Retrieved from http://www.innocenceproject.org/understand/
- Maras M-H (2014) Computer forensics: cybercriminals, laws and evidence, 2nd edn. Jones and Bartlett, SudburyGoogle Scholar
- Schaler RC (2012) Crime scene forensics: a scientific method approach. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar