Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman


  • Daichi ShimboEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_91-2



A cardiologist is a physician who has specialty training in the area of cardiology. Cardiologists are often MD trained, and typically had general training in internal medicine (or pediatrics if a pediatric cardiologist) prior to the completion of cardiology fellowship. Cardiologists are often confused with cardiac or cardiothoracic surgeons, who primarily perform operations on the heart. A “board-certified cardiologist” is a physician who trained in cardiology, met minimum training requirements, and also passed the cardiology board exams. After cardiology fellowship, physicians can choose to undergo additional training in a subspecialty of cardiology (e.g., echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, intervention, etc.).


References and Further Reading

  1. Baughman, K. L., Duffy, F. D., Eagle, K. A., Faxon, D. P., Hillis, L. D., & Lange, R. A. (2008). Task force 1: Training in clinical cardiology. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 51(3), 339–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Linda C. Baumann
    • 1
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA