Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Behavioral Medicine

  • Marc D. GellmanEmail author
Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_1660-2


Behavioral medicine is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of sociocultural, psychosocial, behavioral, and biomedical knowledge and techniques relevant to the understanding of health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to disease prevention, public health and health promotion, health policy, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and care. The original definition of the field of behavioral medicine was developed at the Yale Conference on Behavioral Medicine and later published by Gary Schwartz and Stephen Weiss (1977). Since that time, there have been various refinements to the definition as reflected in the preceding definition.

Neal Miller (1909–2002), an American psychologist and recipient of the National Medal of Science (1964), is often credited as being the founder of behavioral medicine. He made significant contributions to our understanding of the relationship between reinforcement...

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References and Further Readings

  1. Arigo, D., Jake-Schoffman, D. E., Wolin, K., Beckjord, E., Hekler, E. B., & Pagoto, S. L. (2019). The history and future of digital health in the field of behavioral medicine. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42, 67–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birk, L. (1973). Biofeedback: Behavioral medicine. New York: Grune and Stratton.Google Scholar
  3. Christensen, A. J. (2019). Looking back, looking forward: Forty years of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42, 12–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Freedland, K. E. (2019). The Behavioral Medicine Research Council: Its origins, mission, and methods. Health Psychology, 38(4), 277–289.  https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Goldstein, C. M., Minges, K. E., Schoffman, D. E., & Cases, M. G. (2017). Preparing tomorrow's behavioral medicine scientists and practitioners: A survey of future directions for education and training. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40, 214–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Institute of Medicine Report. (2004) Improving medical education: Enhancing the behavioral and social science content of medical school curricula.Google Scholar
  7. Johnston, M., & Johnston, D. (2017). What is Behavioural medicine? Commentary on definition proposed by Dekker, Stauder and Penedo. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 8–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lidz, T., & Pilot, M. L. (1956). Premedical school education in the social and behavioral sciences. Journal of Medical Education, 31(10 Part 1), 692–696.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Schwartz, G., & Weiss, S. (1977). What is behavioral medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 39(6), 377–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Wallston, K. A. (2019). Historical perspective on behavioral medicine's success in bringing different disciplines to the table. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42, 95–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Behavioral Medicine Research CenterUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • J. Rick Turner
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Communications, QuintilesDurhamUSA