Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Nurses’ Health Study

  • William WhangEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_1294-2

Definition

The Nurses’ Health Study is a long-term cohort study that has collected information about cardiovascular and other disease risk factors, in addition to lifestyle factors, since its beginning in 1976 (Belanger et al. 1978). At the onset, 121,701 female registered nurses, aged 30–55 years, completed a questionnaire about their medical history and disease risk factors. The cohort has been followed up every 2 years with mailed questionnaires that update exposure information and inquire about newly diagnosed medical illnesses. Numerous analyses involving NHS data have been performed, including investigation of the impact of smoking cessation on long-term risks of coronary artery disease (Kawachi et al. 1994) and relationship between phobic anxiety and coronary heart disease events (Albert et al. 2005).

References and Further Reading

  1. Albert, C. M., Chae, C. U., Rexrode, K. M., Manson, J. E., & Kawachi, I. (2005). Phobic anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death among women. Circulation, 111, 480–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Belanger, C. F., Hennekens, C. H., Rosner, B., & Speizer, F. E. (1978). The nurses’ health study. The American Journal of Nursing, 78, 1039–1040.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kawachi, I., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., et al. (1994). Smoking cessation and time course of decreased risks of coronary heart disease in middle-aged women. Archives of Internal Medicine, 154, 169–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of CardiologyColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Linda C. Baumann
    • 1
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA