Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Work, Lipids, and Fibrinogen (WOLF) Study

  • William WhangEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_1289-2


The WOLF study is a prospective cohort study that was started to analyze the role of adverse occupational conditions in cardiovascular risk and disease development in employed Swedish men and women. Occupational health units carried out baseline screening of employees from approximately 60 companies from 1992 to 1998, including a clinical exam and blood samples. The initial study of 10,382 subjects from WOLF found no associations between job strain and serum total cholesterol and plasma fibrinogen (Alfredsson et al. 2002). Additional studies have examined relationships between cardiac risk and leisure time (Fransson et al. 2003) and managerial leadership behaviors (Nyberg et al. 2009).

References and Further Reading

  1. Alfredsson, L., Hammar, N., Fransson, E., et al. (2002). Job strain and major risk factors for coronary heart disease among employed males and females in a Swedish study on work, lipids and fibrinogen. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 28, 238–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fransson, E. I., Alfredsson, L. S., de Faire, U. H., Knutsson, A., & Westerholm, P. J. (2003). Leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in working men and women: The WOLF study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 31, 324–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Nyberg, A., Alfredsson, L., Theorell, T., Westerlund, H., Vahtera, J., & Kivimaki, M. (2009). Managerial leadership and ischaemic heart disease among employees: The Swedish WOLF study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 66, 51–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of CardiologyColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Linda C. Baumann
    • 1
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA