Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Glucose Meters and Strips

  • Janine SanchezEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_1191-2

Synonyms

Definition

Glucose meter (glucometer) is a medical device used to determine the approximate level of glucose in the blood. It is used for monitoring glucose at home and in the hospital. Patients obtain a small drop of blood using a fingertip lancing device. Blood is placed on a disposable test strip, and in less than 10 sec on average, a reading is given. Most meters are approximately the size of the palm of the hand. Some meters require the user to manually enter in a code specific to the test strip. If the code does not match the strip, then the glucose reading is inaccurate. The glucose value is displayed in mg/dl (USA) or mmol/l. Some meters can also check ketone levels in blood.

Meters have different features such as memory, calculation of average sugar, volume of blood sample required, back light, color, and size. Some meters allow manual entry of additional data, such as insulin dose, amounts of carbohydrates eaten, or...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Garg, S., & Hirsch, I. B. (2010). Self-monitoring of blood glucose. International Journal of Clinical Practice. Supplement, 2010(166), 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Giampietro, M. E. (2011). Point-of-care testing in diabetes care. Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry, 11(2), 178–184. (Epub ahead of print).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Mehta, S. N., & Wolfsdorf, J. I. (2010). Contemporary management of patients with Type 1 diabetes. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, 39(3), 573–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alan M. Delamater
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA