Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Autism and Epilepsy

  • Stephen R. Hooper
  • Shakeia Burgin
  • Rob Christian
  • Katie Shattuck
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_938-3

Synonyms

Introduction

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and epilepsy are both clinically heterogeneous entities whose co-occurrence has long been recognized to exist at a frequency that is greater than could be predicted by chance alone. This observation has led to interest in the possibility of shared causal pathways for both disorders and raises the possibility of future novel interventions that could impact the course of both conditions. Further, the co-occurrence of the disorders presents several diagnostic and treatment challenges and controversies. This encyclopedia entry will provide an overview of terminology, epidemiology and etiology, clinical expression, available findings on developmental course, issues in differential diagnosis, and treatment considerations.

Categorization

Terminology

Terms associated with autism include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), high-functioning autism (HFA), pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), and infantile autism. ASD are...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen R. Hooper
    • 1
  • Shakeia Burgin
    • 2
  • Rob Christian
    • 3
  • Katie Shattuck
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Allied Health Sciences, School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Department of Allied Health SciencesUniversity of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, The Carolina Institute for Developmental DisabilitiesUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.School of Nursing, University of North Carolina-Chapel HillUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA