Generalization and Maintenance
The term generalization, defined most broadly (Stokes and Baer 1977), is used to describe when skills learned in a training environment transfer to the natural environment after training has ended. Generalization, in its more narrow definition, is a behavioral term that is used to describe the spread of effect of a training procedure to untrained stimuli and responses, as well as the durability of treatment effects over time. Generalization includes three specific forms: Stimulus generalization, response generalization, and maintenance. Stimulus generalization involves the occurrence of a behavior in response to another similar stimulus. For example, a child who learns to say “ball” (behavior) in response to a picture of a ball (trained stimulus) shows stimulus generalization if he says “ball” in response to an actual ball (new stimulus). Response generalization involves the spread of an effect of a trained response to other similar responses. For example, a child who is...
References and Readings
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