Developmental Coordination Disorder
Short Description or Definition
Children who present marked difficulties with motor movements have been known since ancient times. Terms like “cerebral palsy” have been used in the past particularly to refer to situations where these problems appear to relate to some specific process, e.g., birth trauma. Although a medical etiology is sometimes seen, this is less likely in cases that are less severe. The term “developmental coordination disorder” is currently used.
In DSM-IV, this condition is defined based on the presence of motor difficulties greater than expected (given age or developmental level) and not due to some other conditions like autism. Motor difficulties are sometimes seen with other developmental problems, e.g., language or learning disorders. Interestingly some work has been done on the constellation of social-emotional difficulties, motor, and attentional problems (the DAMP syndrome; see Ehlers et al. 1997).
References and Reading
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Text revision.Google Scholar
- Ehlers, S., Nyden, A., Gillberg, C., Sandberg, A. D., Dahlgren, S. O., Hjelmquist, E., et al. (1997). Asperger syndrome, autism and attention disorders: A comparative study of the cognitive profiles of 120 children. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, 38(2), 207–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gillberg, C., & Kadesjoe, B. (2000). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder. In T. E. Brown (Ed.), Attention-deficit disorders and comorbidities in children, adolescents, and adults (pp. 393–406). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
- Volkmar, F. R., & Martin, A. (2011). Essentials of child and adolescent psychiatry. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.Google Scholar