Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Speech/Communication Disabilities

  • Maura MoyleEmail author
  • Steven Long
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_1704-3

Synonyms

Short Description or Definition

Speech/communication impairments are among the core features of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Although enormous variability in the development of speech and language is observed in individuals with ASD, even those who have high cognitive and language abilities exhibit some type of communication disability. Deficits can occur at the nonverbal level (e.g., gestures, facial expressions, eye gaze), paralinguistic level (e.g., prosody, intonation), and linguistic level (e.g., language, speech). Communication deficits in the social use of speech and language are particularly salient. Research suggests that a subset of children with ASD also have grammatical deficits similar to children with specific language impairment. In addition, speech sound disorders are evident in a subset of children with ASD. Approximately 20–40% of individuals with autism never develop spoken...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Speech Pathology and AudiologyMarquette UniversityMilwaukeeUSA