Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Token Test for Children – Second Edition (TTFC-2)

  • Marta MartinezEmail author
  • Mariah Eykelhoff
  • Rachael Quicquaro
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102526-1
  • 17 Downloads

Synonyms

Description

The Token Test for Children, Second Edition (TTFC-2) is a quick 10- to 15-min screening measure intended for identifying receptive language difficulties in children ages 3–12 years and 11 months. The overall score reflects the child’s ability to follow multiple-step oral directions, understand spoken language components, and recall short-term auditory memory. Syntactic structures, knowledge of prepositional and relational concepts, and semantic development are among the linguistic components assessed. The TTFC-2 manual notes that the test is an effective addition to comprehensive language assessment as a means of gathering targeted information of receptive language skills. Results from the TTFC-2 provide specified information that allows clinicians to glean the relative impact of receptive language difficulties and “subtle language deficits” on functional language and communication outcomes (Harris et al. 1983). Harris et al.’s (1983) exploration reveals...

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References and Reading

  1. Alkhamra, R., & Al-Jazi, A. (2016). Validity and reliability of the Arabic token test for children. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 51(2), 183–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brownell, R. (2000a). Receptive one-word picture vocabulary Test-2000 edition. Novato: Academic Therapy Publications.Google Scholar
  3. Brownell, R. (2000b). Expressive one-word picture vocabulary test – 2000 edition. Novato: Academic Therapy Publications.Google Scholar
  4. DeRenzi, E., & Vignolo, L. (1962). Token test: A sensitive test to detect receptive disturbances in aphasics. Brain, 85, 665–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DiSimoni, F. (1978). Token test for children. Austin: PRO-ED.Google Scholar
  6. DiSimoni, F., McGhee, R., & Ehrler, D. (2007). The token test for children (2nd ed.). Austin: PRO-ED.Google Scholar
  7. Gallardo, G., Guàrdia, J., Villaseñor, T., & McNeil, M. (2011). Psychometric data for the revised token test in normally developing Mexican children ages 4–12 years. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 26(3), 225–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Harris, V. L., Keith, R. W., & Novak, K. K. (1983). Relationship between two dichotic listening tests and the token test for children. Ear and Hearing, 4(6), 278–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hresko, W. P., Reid, D. K., & Hammill, D. D. (1999). Test of early language development-third edition. Austin: PRO-ED.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta Martinez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mariah Eykelhoff
    • 1
  • Rachael Quicquaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Connecticut State UniversityNew HavenUSA