Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Effect of Visual Information on Postural Control in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102492-1


Postural control is the ability to keep an upright posture of the body within the base of support. Its purpose is to provide humans with stability and to orientate their bodies to perform a variety of tasks, such as standing, walking, and reaching (Horak 2006; Massion 1994). Postural control relies on a postural control system that is dependent on many aspects of the body (Horak 2006). All aspects of the body, such as the feet size, joint movements, and sensory processing within the brain, provide relevant information to the central nervous system for the control of posture. The context of the surrounding also plays an important role in postural control. Information about the surrounding is picked up by the senses of vision, touch, and hearing and sent to the central nervous system. The central nervous system combines all of the information to make sense of the body position in the context of the surrounding. Any change in the surrounding can affect one’s posture....

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech PathologyCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, and Department of Medical and Health SciencesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  3. 3.School of Physiotherapy and Exercise ScienceCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia