Reference work entry
Part of the The Statesman's Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Lyðveldið Ísland

(Republic of Iceland)

Capital: Reykjavík

Population projection, 2020: 343,000

GNI per capita, 2015: (PPP$) 37,065

HDI/world rank, 2015: 0·921/9

Internet domain extension: .is

Key Historical Events

Scandinavia’s North Atlantic outpost was first settled in 874. According to the Landnámabók or ‘book of settlements’, the first to land was Ingólfr Arnarson, who came from Norway to live on the site of present-day Reykjavík. He was followed by some 400 migrants, mainly from Norway but also from other Nordic countries and from Norse settlements in the British Isles.

A ruling class was soon formed by chieftains, known as the godar. In 930 they established the first ever democratic National Assembly, the Alþingi(Althing). Primarily an adjudicating body, it also served as a legislature and as a fair, a marriage mart and as a national celebration in which a large proportion of the Icelandic population participated for two weeks each June. The first notable event in its history...

Further Reading

  1. Statistics Iceland, Landshagir (Statistical Yearbook of Iceland) (1991–2015).—Iceland in Figures.Google Scholar
  2. Central Bank of Iceland. Monetary Bulletin (four a year).—The Economy of Iceland.Google Scholar
  3. Bergmann, Eirikur, Iceland and the International Financial Crisis. 2014Google Scholar
  4. Boyes, Roger, Meltdown Iceland. 2009Google Scholar
  5. Byock, Jesse, Viking Age Iceland. 2001Google Scholar
  6. Karlsson, G., The History of Iceland. 2000Google Scholar
  7. Smiley, Jane, (ed.) The Sagas of Icelanders: A Selection. 2002Google Scholar
  8. Thorhallsson, Baldur, (ed.) Iceland and European Integration: On the Edge. 2004Google Scholar
  9. National library: Landsbókasafn Islands—Háskólabókasafn, Arngrímsgata 3, 107 Reykjavík.Google Scholar
  10. National Statistical Office: Statistics Iceland, Bogartúni 21a, IS-150 Reykjavík.Google Scholar
  11. Central Bank of Iceland: Kalkofnsvegi 1, 150 Reykjavik.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author 2019

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